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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  January 5, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm EST

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>> pelley: tonight, the commander in chief orders an overhaul of the military. >> now we're turning the page on a decade of war. >> pelley: david martin on what u.s. armed forces could look like in the future. after an almost-win in iowa, rick santorum is getting more money and attention, but also more scrutiny. dean reynolds is following his campaign. it's not a pretty picture. anthony mason on kodak's fight for survival. and on the lookout for a killer. >> it gives me a chill down my spine. >> pelley: lee cowan reports killer whales are stalking an unlikely neighborhood. captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news"
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with scott pelley. >> pelley: good evening, the cold war is long over. the hot war in iraq just ended and america's future in afghanistan is uncertain. now the commander-in-chief has decided it is time for a major overhaul of the u.s. military. at the pentagon today, president obama announced plans for a leaner fighting force while maintaining american military superiority. republican criticism came quickly. house arms services chairman buck mckeon called it a lead from behind strategy for a left from behind america. we asked david martin to tell us what the president has in mind. >> reporter: the president came to the pentagon to make sure everybody understands this is his strategy. a strategy he will run for reelection on. if you reduced it to a bumper sticker it would say: no more wars like iraq and afghanistan. >> as we look beyond the wars in iraq and afghanistan and the end of long-term nation building with large military footprints
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we'll be able to ensuring our security with smaller conventional ground forces. >> reporter: the president and his advisors held up libya, with where the u.s. committed air and naval power but no land forces, as a model for future wars. and joint chiefs chairman martin dempsey cited the pacific as the future theater of competition if not conflict. >> all of the trends-- demographic trends, geopolitical trends, economic trends and military trends-- are shifting toward the pacific. >> reporter: dempsey is talking about the rise of china. that and the hard-earned lesson that the u.s. could not afford to fight two wars simultaneously in iraq and afghanistan are perhaps the biggest game changers of the past decade. you could say the new strategy is finally catching up with the real world according to defense secretary panetta, it adds up to a smaller army and marine corps and more air and sea power. >> it will be more agile, more flexible, ready to deploy quickly, innovative and
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technologically advanced. >> reporter: if that sounds familiar, it's because donald rumsfeld said much the same thing when he was defense secretary, before 9/11 changed the world. a smaller force comes with risks since it leaves less margin for error when the unexpected hits. but joint chiefs chairman dempsey said sticking with the current strategy and the resulting budget deficit would be even riskier. the president pointed out that even with the cuts the u.s. will still spend more on defense than the next ten countries combined. >> reporter: david, thanks very much. one place the defense budget is increasing is in computer warfare. back in 2010 the pentagon established cyber command to wage war and defend america's computer systems. it's a top priority for the secretary of defense. we asked secretary panetta about that in an interview for "60 minutes." he was touring the middle east last month traveling on his
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flying command post that's rigged to conduct nuclear war if need be. but the secretary told us cyber war is one of his biggest worries. >> the reality is that there is the cyber capability to basically bring down our power grid to create... to paralyze our financial system in this country to virtually paralyze our country. and i think we have to be prepared not only to defend against that kind of attack but if necessary we are going to have to be prepared to be able to be aggressive when it comes to cyber efforts as well. we've got to develop the technology, the capability, we've got to be able to defend this country. >> pelley: is it fair to characterize your cyber command as currently engaged in battle everyday? >> that's one of the interesting questions: what constitutes an
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act of war when it comes to cyber warfare? countries use cyber as a way to exploit information. i think the chinese use it as a way to gain information in the business arena. but if a cyber effort were made that, in fact, crippled this country or paralyzed this country or hit a major grid system then you have to ask the question does this constitute an act of war? >> pelley: a program note: secretary panetta is bob schieffer's guest this sunday on "face the nation." on that trip you just saw, secretary panetta officially ended in america's war in iraq but today fighting among iraqis killed at least 78 people. the iraqis have been engaged in a civil war involving the two main branches of islam. in an attack today, a suicide bomber targeted pilgrims who were traveling to a religious observance. extremists among sunni and shi'a
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muslims have been at war since the fall of saddam. here at home there is fresh evidence that the economy is improving. 372,000 americans put in their first claims for unemployment benefits last week. but that's 15,000 fewer than the week before and the fourth decline in five weeks. economists tell us that claims below 400,000 indicate a growing job market-- although the improvement is slight. jobs and the economy are the number-one issue in the presidential campaign and we've been asking the republican candidates how they would create jobs with rick santorum's big showing in iowa earlier this week, we asked dean reynolds in new hampshire to fill us in on santorum's plan. dean? >> reporter: we were with the senator when he visited a local diner here today and a waitress there observing the crush around
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the candidate summed it up this way. "i guess," she said "the whole iowa thing really did stuff for him. rick santorum is getting the full treatment in new hampshire-- bigger crowds, more reporters, all clamoring for a look. five days before the primary the polls show him way behind so his message is increasingly urgent. >> lead, don't follow, lead. don't settle for something less than america needs. >> reporter: his near-miss in iowa has triggered a surge in campaign donations. he raised a million dollars on wednesday, accounting for half of all the money he raised before that. >> i think we had well over 10,000 new donors so it was pretty amazing. >> reporter: with the increased attention comes increased scrutiny of his campaign platformment santorum's economic plan, for example, is orthodox republican: lower taxes, less spending, and an emphasis on job creation. he would encourage industries that left this country and took their jobs with them to return,
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though skeptics say it's unlikely they would given the low wages companies can pay their workers abroad. senator, what are you going to do to restore manufacturing in this country? or can it be restored? >> it absolutely can. i want good-paying manufacturing jobs in this country. >> reporter: though he became wealthy in his years out of office, santorum styles himself as the son of a working class-- which he is. he opposes bailouts, think it is federal reserve should be audited and favors a balanced budget amendment. >> we'll create millions of jobs in places that have been hurting in this economy, which are small town manufacturing towns. >> reporter: but santorum's fortunes rest on more than his message. his organization is questionable, scott, and he does need more money. >> pelley: dean, you mentioned in your piece that santorum grew wealthy outside of office. i wonder, how did he do that? reporter: well, a number of things. one was lobbying, another was
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consulting research organizations like the think tanks around washington. he was a commentator for television and he wrote a book called "it takes a family." >> pelley: dean, thanks very much. the new hampshire vote is next tuesday. newt gingrich today described president obama as a food stamp president. gingrich said he would be a paycheck president. but what gingrich said next has raised a few eyebrows. in his speech at a senior center in plymouth, new hampshire, he seemed to suggest that one group of americans in particular needed to hear that food stamp message. >> now, there's no neighborhood i know of in america where if you want to run and ask people "would you rather your people have food stamps or paychecks" you wouldn't end up with a majority saying they'd rather have a paycheck. and so i'm prepared if the n.a.a.c.p. invites me, i'll go to their convention and talk about why the african american
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community should demand paychecks and not be satisfied with food stamps. >> pelley: we were curious, so, as usual, we asked our research department and they tell us about 28% of food stamp recipients are black, 59% are white. of course, whites make up about 72% of the population, blacks less than 13%. one of the presidential candidates you haven't heard as much about is jon huntsman, the former governor of utah, huntsman is polling in single digits. in fact, he's tied for fourth. but he's making a big run in new hampshire. so we asked bill whitaker to try to catch up to the man who is adding campaign stops as fast as he can. >> welcome to our 150th public event! (cheers and applause) >> reporter: jon huntsman skipped iowa to woo the voters of new hampshire. he's campaigned here almost nonstop since june. still, he admits this: . >> i am the underdog in this
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race. >> reporter: is new hampshire make or break for your campaign? >> we have to do well. we have to do well in new hampshire. >> reporter: in this high-visibility race, the 51-year-old huntsman has flown under the radar, despite his impressive resume. he's the chopper-riding popular two-term governor of utah with a picture-perfect family. was c.e.o. of his family's chemical company. served four presidents: ronald reagan and both presidents bush. he was ambassador to china under president obama, an unforgivable sin to some republicans. >> if you're asked to serve your country by the president of the united states, you do it. you put your country first. and that's the philosophy that i will take to my grave. >> reporter: his economic plan-- a streamlined quacks code that eliminates all deductions and lowers all rates has been deemed best of the campaign by the "wall street journal." unlike most of the republican field, he believes humans contribute to climate change.
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>> i defer to science on this particular issue. >> reporter: he shares the morton faith with front-runner former massachusetts governor mitt romney, but little else. >> i haven't been on three sides of all the issues of the day. i ran a state that was number one in job creation as opposed to number 47. >> reporter: you've also called yourself the sane republican. >> my management style has always been to look realistically at issues. i don't pander. i don't do the pledges. i look at an issue and i say "what does it mean to the people i represent?" here's the rap against huntsman: everybody says he can win the general election but can he do well in the primaries? i say we're going to prove that point right here in new hampshire. (cheers and applause) >> reporter: scott, gauche huntsman will be here soon for another town meeting. if we can't push through here in new hampshire it's doubtful he can anywhere. so he's working hard to be a con
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tenner one hand shake at a time. >> pelley: see you in new hampshire, bill. thanks very much. one state is facing a difficult choice, higher taxes or deep cuts in school aid? killer whales are putting on quite a show. and so is europe's most active volcano. see it all when the "cbs evening news" continues. that make moms. with wholesome noodles and bite sized chicken, nothing brings you together like chicken noodle soup from campbell's. it's amazing what soup can do. ♪ like chicken noodle soup from campbell's. like so many great pioneers before me, guided only by a dream. i'm embarking on a journey of epic proportion. i will travel, from sea to shining sea, through amber waves of grain, and i won't stop until i've helped every driver in america save hundreds on car insurance.
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>> pelley: the governor of california said today the choice is clear: the state faces another huge budget gap and closing it will mean higher taxes or painful cuts in funding for public schools. john blackstone has the latest on this. john? >> reporter: scott, governor jerry brown discussed his proposed budget for california late this afternoon after his staff mistakenly released it online today instead of next week as planned. but, still, getting it out early did not dampen the bad news. >> we're making some very painful reductions. a mother and kids are getting the same welfare check in real dollars that they got in the 80s. >> reporter: governor brown is predicting california's deficit for the fiscal year to be $9.2 billion. that's much better than last year's $26.6 billion budget gap which brown tackled by cutting welfare grants and assistance to the elderly and disabled. still, the governor wants to
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raise taxes on those earning $250,000 or more and boost the state sales tax by a hal cent. if voters don't go for that, the governor will call for an automatic cut of nearly $5 billion from public education. that equals about three weeks of school. >> as willie sutton said, when asked why rob banks, he said "that's where the money is." edge station a lot where the money is and if you don't have money it comes out of schools. >> reporter: and beyond schools, governor brown says california will see many more budget cuts if voters don't approve his tax initiative this november. >> pelley: tough time in the largest state. john, thanks very much. general motors asks everyone today who owns a chevy volt [no audio] crash tests. g.m. will add steel reinforcing the protect the batteries. there are about 8,000 volts on american roads right now.
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another storied american company has even bigger problems: kodak is facing its worst moment ever next.
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>> pelley: generations of american families captured the great milestones of their lives using kodak cameras. but today you can buy a share of eastman kodak stock for less than we once paid for a roll of kodachrome film. anthony mason tells us this great american institution is
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fighting for survival. >> always use dependable kodak film. the film in the familiar yellow box. >> reporter: that yellow box with the red logo was one of the 20th century's titanic brands. >> it's the new brownie star camera. >> reporter: but the company that gave us the kodak moment and once controlled 90% of film sales in the u.s. is now on the brink of bankruptcy. this week, the stock price of the one-time blue chip company fell below 50 cents a share. and if it doesn't climb back above a dollar soon, the new york stock exchange says it will have the kick kodak out of the market. that would be a mighty fall for the camera maker founded by george'sman in 1880. elizabeth brayer is eastman's biographer. >> if they're going bankrupt and we read in the the paper it will be a sad day. but i don't see it being a tremendous change because it's really happened already. >> reporter: with film sales evaporating in the digital age,
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kodachrome was discontinued two years ago and kodak has failed to develop another business as profitable. the company that once employed 145,000 workers now has fewer than 19,000. >> if you prick me, i would bleed kodak yellow. >> reporter: ed gartz retired five years ago with a pension, but he's worried bankruptcy could affect his medical benefits. >> i have the feeling that's going to go. that's what we're fearful of. >> reporter: kodak has already cut off his life and dental insurance and medical coverage for his wife. >> which means that for all intents and purposes i worked 34 years for nothing. >> reporter: at its headquarters in rochester, new york, the company's been selling off real estate and ed gartz worries bankruptcy could seiko dak finally fading away. >> it will be a very dull ache for an awful lot of people for an all lot of years. >> pelley: anthony mason, cbs news, new york.
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>> pelley: you know, we got to wondering in the newsroom today about the name kodak. it turns out it's a made-up word invented by the company founder george eastman. he said he always liked the letter "k" because it's strong and incisive. so he put a "k" at the beginning and end and experimented with combinations in the middle until he came up with kodak. here's something to take a picture of: europe's most active volcano. today lava was spewing from mount etna's southeast crater and a column of ash could be seen rising 16,000 feet into the sky. a kodachrome moment, but no danger to the public. another spectacular sight got our attention today-- killer whales off the california coast. our attention today-- killer whales off the california coast. the pictures and the story next. s that's where the pharmacist stops and talks to me, about safety and saving money with generic prescriptions.
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boat. >> reporter: a trained biologist, she's used to seeing gray whales and hutch backs in these waters, but not this. a group of killer whales, two families, in fact, suddenly appeared off southern california this week. a rare sight this far south. it had her squealing with delight. on a scale of 1-10, what kind of day was this for you? >> 25. (laughs) >> pelley>> reporter: these arer pictures, the killer whales so near she could almost touch them. >> eye to eye with the top predator in the ocean. it sort of gives me a chill down my spine. it's incredible. >> reporter: because she's a researcher, shulman janiger is allowed these up close encounters to document and identify individuals and figure out why they're here and why they're staying. one theory, the la nina weather pattern which has kept the waters here cooler than usual. more like monterey bay to the north where killer whales are normally found. the main reason they're here? right over there. california sea lions.
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their population has been steadily increasing here since the '70s and, as cute as they are, they also make quite a buffet. >> what they might have done is come down sort of for a family vacation, found the pickings are easy, the restaurants are open and brought some friends with them. >> reporter: with news of the killer whale's arrivals, tourist boats leaving from redondo peer are packed and there isn't a bad seat aboard. ask bill hatcher. >> you see them in captivity or the movies. it's nice to see them in their own habitat. >> reporter: they seem as curious of us as we are of them. never gets old? >> never gets old. come back tomorrow! (laughs) >> reporter: we just might. lee cowan, cbs news, redondo beach. >> pelley: and that's the "cbs evening news" for tonight. for all of us at cbs news all around the world, good captioning sponsored by cbs
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captioned by this is 9 news now 9 news now. embattled d.c. councilman harry thomas, jr. is due in federal court tomorrow. he reached a deal with prosecutors that will force him to resign and serve prison time for stealing big money from a youth baseball program. our bruce johnson first broke the story tuesday night. he has all the developments in tonight's report. reporter: according to sources, there has been a plea agreement between harry thomas' attorneys and prosecutors and that deal appears to reflect the two felony charges filed in a federal information document today. the ward 5 councilman is charged with stealing more than $350,000 from a youth baseball program, then failing to pay taxes on that income. >> it's a very sad day. reporter: d.c. mayor vincent gray says th

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